Article Style Sheet

Style Sheet
for Manuscripts Submitted to Amerikastudien / American Studies

All submitted texts will be computer-typeset before publication. The following guidelines serve only to facilitate editing and proofreading. In the text it should be clearly noticeable what is a heading, a body paragraph, citation, footnote or a block quote. It is not necessary to mimic the final publication style, e.g. by inserting tab or space characters at the beginning of paragraphs. Authors should submit their manuscripts (preferably) via email to, as attached documents in MS Word format. In cases with special typesetting requirements or where images and/or graphics should be included a faxed copy is appreciated. Further details, especially regarding attachment and graphics formats may be agreed upon with the editorial staff.


1 Abstract
Apart from the paper proper, contributors are kindly asked to provide an abstract of no more than 200 words in English, which will precede the article.


2 Spacing, Margins
Contributors are asked to double space all manuscripts (1.5 spaces are also accepted). Margins should be one inch at the top, bottom and right side of the text, but two inches on the left side.
Quotations exceeding four lines should be indented and set off as block quotes.


3 Documentation 
Amerikastudien / American Studies encourages contributors to follow the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (6th ed., 2003). In accordance with the MLA Handbook, Amerikastudien / American Studies recommends the use of a parenthetical system of documentation rather than footnotes or endnotes. Citations in parentheses within the text point to sources. The list of works cited appears at the end of the article. In-text citations give the author(s) and the page number(s) (with no comma in between). If the name of the author already appears in the body of the text, only put the page number(s) in parentheses. Example:

Psychologist Jane Flax explains that women usually do not blame their mothers because they “tend to feel guilty that they are somehow betraying their mother in the attempt to resolve and terminate the symbiotic tie”(35).

If the list of works cited contains more than one work by the author, add the cited title in a shortened form after the author’s last name.

(Frye, Anatomy 278)
(Frye, Critical Path)


4 Bibliographic Format for References

Type of Entry Works Cited Citation in Text
A book by a single author McConnell, Frank. Storytelling and Mythmaking: Images from Film and Literature. New York: Oxford UP, 1979. (McConnell 32)
A book by more than one author Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. The Madwoman in the Attic. New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 1979. (Gilbert and Gubar 9)
A book by multiple authors Blocker, Clyde E., Robert H. Plummer, and Richard C. Richardson, Jr. The Two-Year College: A Social Synthesis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1965. (Blocker, Plummer, and Richardson 52)
A work in an anthology or collection of essays Sattelmeyer, Robert. “Thoreau and Emerson.” The Cambridge Companion to Henry David Thoreau. Ed. Joel Myerson. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995. 25-39. (Sattelmeyer 31)
A republished book Doctorow, E.L. Welcome to Hard Times. 1960. New York: Bantam, 1976. (Doctorow 209)
A book in a series Hinchcliffe, Arnold P. Harold Pinter. Rev. ed. Twayne’s English Author’s Series 51.Boston: Twayne, 1981. (Hinchcliffe 62)
An unpublished dissertation Johnson, Nancy Kay. “Cultural and Psychosocial Determinants of Health and Illness.” Diss. U of Washington, 1980. (Johnson 34)
An article in a journal Sollors, Werner. “W.E.B. Du Bois in Nazi Germany, 1936.”Amerikastudien / American Studies 44.2 (1999): 207-22. (Sollors 221)
An article from a daily newspaper Brody, Jane. “Heart Attacks: Turmoil beneath the Calm.” New York Times 21 June 1983, late ed.: C1. (Brody C1)
A newspaper article (unsigned) “Give Georgia More HOPE.” Atlanta Journal-Constitution 18 Dec. 1994: G6. (“Give” G6)
A newspaper article (accessed online) Achenbach, Joel. “America’s River.” Washington Post 5 May 2002. 20 May 2002 <>.
(When citing an online source, include the publication date (here 5 May 2002) and the date you visited the site (here: 20 May 2002).
mention author in your text, i.e., “Achenbach reports…”
A magazine article Cowley, Geoffrey. “I’d Toddle a Mile for a Camel.” Newsweek 23 Dec. 1991: 70-71. (Cowley 70)
An article from an online database Tolson, Nancy. “Making Books Available:The Role of Early Libraries, Librarians, and Booksellers in the Promotion of African American Children’s Literature.” African American Review 32 (1998): 9-16. JSTOR1 Oct. 2002 <>. mention author in your text, i.e., “According to Tolson…”
An article from a web page Blume, Harvey. “Geek Studies.” Atlantic Unbound 13 July 2000. 25 July 2000 <>. mention author in your text, i.e., “Harvey Blume states…”

For all other types of publication consult the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed., 2003.


5 Omissions
Ellipsis points in square brackets mark omissions in quotations. Quotation with an ellipsis in the middle:

Louis D. Rubin explains that “[h]istory […] remains a striking characteristic of the Southern literary imagination, black and white” (5-6).

Quotation with an ellipsis at the end:

Louis D. Rubin explains that “[h]istory, as a mode for viewing one’s experience and one’s identity, remains a striking characteristic of the Southern literary imagination […].”

For quotations containing an ellipsis in the original, three periods without brackets are used.


6 Computer Edited Texts

Texts should not be hyphenated, neither automatically nor manually. Dashes—not hyphens—should only be used to enclose sentence elements with no space before, between, or after. The use of proper opening and closing quotation marks is encouraged. A carriage return (paragraph mark) should only be used at the end of paragraphs; there is no need to enter it twice for spacing paragraphs. Indentations, such as at the beginning of new paragraphs, should not be made by authors, they will be added by the editorial staff.

The editorial team gladly provides a MS Word document template file (DOT) that is used for pre-typesetting (preflighting).